Environmental Biotechnology focuses on materials to monitor and mitigate the effects of climate change and build and interact more efficiently and sustainably with our surroundings. The materials highlighted in this sector may help us to better adapt to hotter, drier lands, and more extreme weather. Environmental Biotechnology considers materials that incorporate biocomponents to sense and respond to greenhouse gases and enable carbon capture. Integrating engineered biology and materials can advance water and air filtration, contributing to resource recovery, bioremediation, and decontamination. Engineering biology can also contribute to more resilient and sustainable materials for the built environment.